util.units {CHNOSZ}R Documentation

Functions to Convert Units


These functions convert values between units and set the user's preferred units.


  P.units(units = NULL)
  T.units(units = NULL)
  E.units(units = NULL)
  convert(value, units, T = 298.15, P = 1, pH = 7, logaH2O = 0)



character, name of units to set or convert to/from


numeric, value(s) to be converted


numeric, temperature (Kelvin), used in G-logK, pe-Eh and logfO2-E0 conversions


numeric, pressure (bar), used in logfO2-E0 conversions


numeric, pH, used in logfO2-E0 conversions


numeric, logarithm of activity of water, used in logfO2-E0 conversions


The units settings are used by subcrt, affinity, and diagram to accept input in or convert output to the units desired by the user. The settings, which can be queried or changed with T.units, E.units and P.units, refer to the units of temperature (C or K), energy (cal or J), and pressure (bar, MPa). (The first value in each of those pairs refers to the default units).

The actual units conversions are handled by convert, through which values are transformed into destination units (names not case sensitive). The possible conversions and settings for the units argument are shown in the following table. Note that Eh and E0 both stand for the value of Eh (oxidation-reduction potential in volts); they have different names so that one can choose to convert between Eh and either pe or logfO2.

property units setting of units argument
temperature °C, K C, K
pressure bar, MPa bar, MPa
energy cal, J cal, J
energy cal, cm^3 bar calories, cm3bar
energy cal, [none] G, logK
oxidation potential volt, [none] Eh, pe
oxidation potential volt, [none] E0, logfO2


## examples using convert
# temperature (Kelvin) to degrees C
convert(273.15, "C")
# temperature (degrees C) to Kelvin
convert(100, "K")
# Gibbs energy (cal mol-1) to/from logK
convert(1000, "logK")		
convert(1000, "logK", T=373.15)
convert(1, "G") 
# Eh (volt) to pe 
convert(-1, "pe")		
convert(-1, "pe", T=373.15)
# logfO2 to E0 (volt)
convert(-80, "E0")             
convert(-80, "E0", pH=5)
convert(-80, "E0", pH=5, logaH2O=-5)
# calorie to/from joule
convert(10, "J")		
convert(10, "cal")
# cm3bar to calories		
convert(10, "calories")

### examples showing unit settings
# make K the units for temperature arguments to subcrt() and affinity()
# return to default - degrees C

[Package CHNOSZ version 1.1.3 Index]